Quakers in Sandwich Massachusetts – “First Seeds of Inner Light” Part 1

In October 1656, Captain Tristram Hull (son of Rev. Joseph Hull discussed in previous blogs) brought Nicholas Upsall, a “religious refuge” from Boston into Sandwich. I wonder, did Tristram know Nicholas was such a hot potato? Was Tristram just helping with transportation or did he have knowledge and sympathy for the man?

Plymouth Colony Map By Hoodinski

Up until a few months before, Nicholas Upsall was a respected and well to do 60 year old Puritan.  However, he had a spiritual transformation when he met two English Quaker women imprisoned in Boston.  He paid the guard to let him bring them food and during his visits there, he heard the controversial Quaker message that people could have a personal relationship with God.  They believed that ordained ministers and traditional worship were not necessary to that relationship.  They also believed that personal conscience took precedence over political authority.  Oh, those were fighting words for the Puritan theocrats!

To counteract the Quaker threat, the Massachusetts authorities passed a law outlawing any Quakers in the Colony and if they did come through, they would be whipped, imprisoned and expelled.  Anyone assisting and/or defending them would be fined 20 pounds and also expelled. When Nicholas Upsall spoke out against the new law, he was promptly penalized and removed from Boston. And that is how he found himself on the road to Sandwich and met up with this branch of my family tree (the Allen’s, Hull’s and Holloway’s).

Sandwich and First Quaker Meeting in America

When Upsall arrived in Sandwich, it wasn’t very long before he was holding meetings at William and Priscilla Allen’s house to tell the community about the Quaker message. These became some of the first Quaker meetings in the North America and were attended by many of my ancestors. Who knew?

Sandwich Quaker Meeting House by Kathleen Wooten

Unfortunately, the Plymouth government soon discovered the nature of the new threat to their colony and issued a warrant to send Upsall away from the area. It appears that Tristram took him to Newport, Rhode Island where Quakers were free to worship. But the seeds were sown in Sandwich and the town became a thorn in the side of both the Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth Colonies for many years to come.

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9 Responses to Quakers in Sandwich Massachusetts – “First Seeds of Inner Light” Part 1

  1. Val says:

    Very interesting; To think the message of the Quakers was so controversial and frightening to the Puritans. I am glad you and I got to visit Sandwich this past year since both of our families have ties there. Keep telling the story!

  2. Marcia Hron says:

    My ancestor, JOHN JENKINS OF SANDWICH, was also an early attendee and convert to Quakerism. I would LOVE to communicate with you about this amazing bond we share. I have been researching my Jenkins ancestral line for over 30 years. Marcia Hron, email: hronbp1@msn.com

  3. Priscilla Wing Copple says:

    And I am a Wing from Deborah Wing clan , they also were in Sandwich, and now have a fort house there. I believe they were also there at that time.

  4. Hi, Thank you for sharing this story about our mutual relative, Tristram Hull. I am descended through Sarah Hull Allen. It is very nice to see so many stories about them.
    Best Wishes,
    Pamela Allen

  5. Priscilla Wing Copple says:

    I also believe the Wing family was also travelling that road to escape persecution. They held their services in the tall weeds and tufts of grass in Sandwich to avoid being seen.

    • Rachelle says:

      Our ancestors were very brave! I have seen the Wing family mentioned in many books about the Great Migration. It’s nice to have a descendent reading my blog!

  6. Priscilla Copple says:

    If you come upon any info on them as you research, could you please send me the links or websites? Yes, they were very brave!! I so admired their faith in God, and all they had to do just to worship Him. They had true faith through serious persecution!!

    • Rachelle says:

      I have been working on my Dibben family recently, but when I get back to the Great Migration ancestors I will definitely let you know. I would strongly encourage you to join the New England Historic Genealogical Society if you aren’t already a member. Their online resources will be critical for your research. https://www.americanancestors.org/index.aspx

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